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dc.contributor.authorKulmala, Juha-Pekka
dc.contributor.authorKosonen, Jukka
dc.contributor.authorNurminen, Jussi
dc.contributor.authorAvela, Janne
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-17T12:43:43Z
dc.date.available2018-12-17T12:43:43Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationKulmala, J.-P., Kosonen, J., Nurminen, J., & Avela, J. (2018). Running in highly cushioned shoes increases leg stiffness and amplifies impact loading. <i>Scientific Reports</i>, <i>8</i>, Article 17496. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35980-6" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35980-6</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_28768848
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_79792
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/60630
dc.description.abstractRunning shoe cushioning has become a standard method for managing impact loading and consequent injuries due to running. However, despite decades of shoe technology developments and the fact that shoes have become increasingly cushioned, aimed to ease the impact on runners’ legs, running injuries have not decreased. To better understand the shoe cushioning paradox, we examined impact loading and the spring-like mechanics of running in a conventional control running shoe and a highly cushioned maximalist shoe at two training speeds, 10 and 14.5km/h. We found that highly cushioned maximalist shoes alter spring-like running mechanics and amplify rather than attenuate impact loading. This surprising outcome was more pronounced at fast running speed (14.5km/h), where ground reaction force impact peak and loading rate were 10.7% and 12.3% greater, respectively, in the maximalist shoe compared to the conventional shoe, whereas only a slightly higher impact peak (6.4%) was found at the 10km/h speed with the maximalist shoe. We attribute the greater impact loading with the maximalist shoes to stifer leg during landing compared to that of running with the conventional shoes. These discoveries may explain why shoes with more cushioning do not protect against impact-related running injuries.fi
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScientific Reports
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.otherbone quality and biomechanics
dc.titleRunning in highly cushioned shoes increases leg stiffness and amplifies impact loading
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201812115062
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineBiomekaniikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineBiomechanicsen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2018-12-11T13:15:11Z
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2045-2322
dc.relation.numberinseries0
dc.relation.volume8
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2018
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysobiomekaniikka
dc.subject.ysojuoksu
dc.subject.ysorasitusvammat
dc.subject.ysourheilujalkineet
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p20292
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p9087
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p5844
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p16820
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.1038/s41598-018-35980-6


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