Initial validation of the Psychobiosocial States in Physical Education (PBS-SPE) scale
Bortoli, L., Vitali, F., Battista, R. D., Ruiz, M. C., & Robazza, C. (2018). Initial validation of the Psychobiosocial States in Physical Education (PBS-SPE) scale. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2446. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02446
Published inFrontiers in Psychology
© 2018 Bortoli, Vitali, Di Battista, Ruiz and Robazza.
The purpose of this cross-sectional investigation was to examine the item characteristics, factor structure, reliability, convergent validity, and nomological validity of the Psychobiosocial States in Physical Education (PBS-SPE) scale. In Study 1, a sample of 1,030 students (582 girls and 448 boys, 10 to 19-year-olds), drawn from middle or high schools, rated the intensity of the 20 items version of the PBS-SPE scale thinking about the feelings they had usually experienced in physical education classes. In Study 2, an additional sample of 1,025 students (578 girls, 447 boys, 10 to 19-year-olds), rated the 16 items of the final version of the scale. Two subsamples also completed an affective-related measure (i.e., the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale) and two motivation scales often used in the physical education domain (i.e., the Teacher-Initiated Motivational Climate in Physical Education Questionnaire and the Situational Motivation Scale). Exploratory structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analyses of the data showed that a two-factor, 16-item solution (i.e., 8 pleasant/functional items and 8 unpleasant/dysfunctional items) of the PBS-SPE scale reached satisfactory fit indices. Multi-group comparisons provided support for measurement and structural invariance across samples, gender, and age. Convergent and nomological validity was also upheld. Overall, the findings offer support for the use of a new instrument in the assessment of PBS-SPE settings. ...
PublisherFrontiers Research Foundation
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