Predicting leisure time physical activity in Finnish school students : a longitudinal study of the trans-contextual model
Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.
Considering the consequences of inactivity among children, a central question is how to motivate them to become more physically active. The trans-contextual model (TCM) explains how autonomy support in one context lead to autonomous forms of motivation in the same context which can then transfer to other contexts. There is considerable research demonstrating links between autonomy supportive environment and student autonomous motivation and adaptive outcomes in class. However, comparatively less research has focused on the role of autonomy support in PE setting on children’s behavior outside of school and no other studies have investigated the effect of time of the TCM variables. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of time on the motivational sequence of the TCM. Participants were 277 students aged 12-16 years from two Finnish secondary schools. Scales based on the Perceived Locus of Causality Questionnaire and the Theory of Planned Behavior Questionnaire, and self-reported PA level were distributed wice 4 weeks apart. Data were analyzed using SPSS for correlations and regression analysis of the change score variables calculated as the results from time 1 subtracted from results from time 2. Results showed only minor changes between the two time points. In general, relatively low R squared values of the change score variables were found, with the strongest predictor variable being change in autonomous motivation in leisure time (LT) explaining 15% of the variance in change in intention. Especially interesting for the TCM, change in autonomous motivation in class explained 13% of the variance in change in autonomous motivation in LT. In conclusion, results supported the hypotheses demonstrating the TCM´s efficacy in explaining variance in model variables. Future research implementing an intervention is needed to obtain a more complete understanding of the motivational sequence proposed by the model and the effect of autonomy support in PE on LT PA participation. ...
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Testing a physical education-delivered autonomy supportive intervention to promote leisure-time physical activity in lower secondary school students : the PETALS trial Schneider, Jekaterina; Polet, Juho; Hassandra, Mary; Lintunen, Taru; Laukkanen, Arto; Hankonen, Nelli; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Tammelin, Tuija H.; Törmäkangas, Timo; Hagger, Martin S. (Biomed Central, 2020)Background Inadequate physical activity in young people is associated with several physical and mental health concerns. Physical education (PE) is a potentially viable existing network for promoting physical activity in ...
Trans-Contextual Model Predicting Change in Out-of-School Physical Activity : A One-Year Longitudinal Study Kalajas-Tilga, Hanna; Hein, Vello; Koka, Andre; Tilga, Henri; Raudsepp, Lennart; Hagger, Martin S. (SAGE Publications, 2022)The aim of the current study was to test the long-term predictive validity of the trans-contextual model in accounting for variance in adolescents’ out-of-school physical activity measured by self-report and accelerometer ...
Predicting change in middle school students’ leisure-time physical activity participation : A prospective test of the trans-contextual model Polet, Juho; Lintunen, Taru; Schneider, Jekaterina; Hagger, Martin S. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2020)We applied the trans-contextual model (TCM) to examine the effects of middle school students’ perceived autonomy support from their physical education (PE) teachers on autonomous motivation toward PE in school and, critically, ...
Testing and extending predictions of the trans-contextual model for leisure-time physical activity in middle school students Polet, Juho (2022)Social-cognition approaches (e.g., the theory of planned behavior) and motivational theories (e.g., self-determination theory) have been utilized to identify the determinants of health behavior. Research applying these ...
Kalajas-Tilga, Hanna; Hein, Vello; Koka, Andre; Tilga, Henri; Raudsepp, Lennart; Hagger, Martin S. (Routledge, 2022)Objective: This study tested effects of changes in the psychological constructs of the trans-contextual model (TCM) on changes in adolescents' outside of school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (PA) measured using ...