Naturalistic music and dance : Cortical phase synchrony in musicians and dancers
Poikonen, H., Toiviainen, P., & Tervaniemi, M. (2018). Naturalistic music and dance : Cortical phase synchrony in musicians and dancers. PLoS ONE, 13 (4), e0196065. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196065
Published inPLoS ONE
© 2018 Poikonen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License.
Expertise in music has been investigated for decades and the results have been applied not only in composition, performance and music education, but also in understanding brain plasticity in a larger context. Several studies have revealed a strong connection between auditory and motor processes and listening to and performing music, and music imagination. Recently, as a logical next step in music and movement, the cognitive and affective neurosciences have been directed towards expertise in dance. To understand the versatile and overlapping processes during artistic stimuli, such as music and dance, it is necessary to study them with continuous naturalistic stimuli. Thus, we used long excerpts from the contemporary dance piece Carmen presented with and without music to professional dancers, musicians, and laymen in an EEG laboratory. We were interested in the cortical phase synchrony within each participant group over several frequency bands during uni- and multimodal processing. Dancers had strengthened theta and gamma synchrony during music relative to silence and silent dance, whereas the presence of music decreased systematically the alpha and beta synchrony in musicians. Laymen were the only group of participants with significant results related to dance. Future studies are required to understand whether these results are related to some other factor (such as familiarity to the stimuli), or if our results reveal a new point of view to dance observation and expertise. ...