Identity and Online Groups
Siitonen, M. (2018). Identity and Online Groups. In H. Giles, & J. Harwood (Eds.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Intergroup Communication. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.449
© Oxford University Press 2018. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by OUP. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Questions related to identity have been central to discussions on online communication since the dawn of the Internet. One of the positions advocated by early Internet pioneers and scholars on computer-mediated communication was that online communication would differ from face-to-face communication in the way traditional markers of identity (such as gender, age, etc.) would be visible for interlocutors. It was theorized that these differences would manifest both as reduced social cues as well as greater control in the way we present ourselves to others. This position was linked to ideas about fluid identities and identity play inherent to post-modern thinking. Lately, the technological and societal developments related to online communication have promoted questions related to, for example, authenticity and traceability of identity. In addition to the individual level, scholars have been interested in issues of social identity formation and identification in the context of online groups and communities. It has been shown, for example, how the apparent anonymity in initial interactions can lead to heightened identification/de-individuation on the group level. Another key question related to this one is the way group identity and identification with the group relates to intergroup contact in online settings. How do people perceive others’ identity, as well as their own, in such contact situations? To what extent is intergroup contact still intergroup contact, if the parties involved do not perceive it as such? As online communication continues to offer a key platform for contact between various types of social groups, questions of identity and identification remain at the forefront of scholarship into human communication behavior in technology-mediated settings. ...
PublisherOxford University Press
Parent publication ISBN978-0-19-045452-4
Is part of publicationOxford Encyclopedia of Intergroup Communication
Publication in research information system
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