Dietary acid load and renal function have varying effects on blood acid-base status and exercise performance across age and gender
Hietavala, E.-M., Stout, J. R., Frassetto, L. A., Puurtinen, R., Pitkänen, H., Selänne, H., . . . , & Mero, A. (2017). Dietary acid load and renal function have varying effects on blood acid-base status and exercise performance across age and gender. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 42 (12), 1330-1340. doi:10.1139/apnm-2017-0279
Published inApplied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism
© the Authors, 2017. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by National Research Council Canada. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Diet composition influences acid-base status of the body. This may become more relevant as renal functional capacity declines with aging. We examined the effects of low (LD) versus high dietary acid load (HD) on blood acid-base status and exercise performance. Participants included 22 adolescents, 33 young adults (YA), and 33 elderly (EL), who followed a 7-day LD and HD in a randomized order. At the end of both diet periods the subjects performed a cycle ergometer test (3 × 10 min at 35%, 55%, 75%, and (except EL) until exhaustion at 100% of maximal oxygen uptake). At the beginning of and after the diet periods, blood samples were collected at rest and after all workloads. Oxygen uptake, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during cycling. In YA and EL, bicarbonate (HCO3−) and base excess (BE) decreased over the HD period, and HCO3−, BE, and pH were lower at rest after HD compared with LD. In YA and EL women, HCO3− and BE were lower at submaximal workloads after HD compared with LD. In YA women, the maximal workload was 19% shorter and maximal oxygen uptake, RER, and HR were lower after HD compared with LD. Our data uniquely suggests that better renal function is associated with higher availability of bases, which may diminish exercise-induced acidosis and improve maximal aerobic performance. Differences in glomerular filtration rate between the subject groups likely explains the larger effects of dietary acid load in the elderly compared with younger subjects and in women compared with men. ...