Opportunity- and Necessity-Driven Self-Employment Among Older People in Finland
Tervo, H., & Haapanen, M. (2017). Opportunity- and Necessity-Driven Self-Employment Among Older People in Finland. In I. Aaltio, A. J. Mills, & J. H. Mills (Eds.), Ageing, Organisations and Management : Constructive Discourses and Critical Perspectives (pp. 255-276). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58813-1_12
© The Author(s) 2017. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Palgrave Macmillan. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
To date, few empirical studies have attempted to highlight the impact of the socio-economic characteristics of older entrepreneurs according to whether they are driven by necessity or opportunity. Tervo and Haapanen contribute to the economics of ageing by showing that opportunity- and necessity-driven senior entrepreneurs differ in terms of socio-economic characteristics. This chapter utilizes a longitudinal data set from Finland. Individuals aged between 55 and 70 entering self-employment are grouped in terms of pull and push motivations. Profiles of entrepreneurs are developed using personal, family, and environmental characteristics. The results show that opportunity-driven older self-employed workers are more likely to be highly educated males, whereas necessity-driven older self-employed workers are often less educated females and individuals who live in rural areas.
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