Genetic endowments, parental resources and adult health : Evidence from the Young Finns Study
Pehkonen, J., Viinikainen, J., Böckerman, P., Lehtimäki, T., Pitkänen, N., & Raitakari, O. (2017). Genetic endowments, parental resources and adult health : Evidence from the Young Finns Study. Social Science and Medicine, 188, 191-200. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.04.030
Published inSocial Science and Medicine
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This paper uses longitudinal survey data linked to administrative registers to examine socioeconomic gradients in health, particularly whether the effects of genetic endowments interact with the socioeconomic resources of the parental household. We find that genetic risk scores contribute to adult health measured by biomarkers. This result is consistent with the findings from genome-wide association studies. Socioeconomic gradients in health differ based on biomarker and resource measures. Family education is negatively related to obesity and the waist-hip ratio, and family income is negatively related to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Parental resources do not modify the effects of genetic endowment on adult health. However, there is evidence for gene-family income interactions for triglyceride levels, particularly among women.
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