Environmental conflict as a social construction: Nuclear waste conflicts in Finland
Litmanen, T. (1996). Environmental conflict as a social construction: Nuclear waste conflicts in Finland. Society & Natural Resources, vol. 9(No. 5), 523-535. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941929609380991
Published inSociety & Natural Resources
© International Association for Society & Natural Resources, 1996. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Taylor & Francis (Routledge). Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Environmental conflicts are a familiar phenomenon in all industrial societies, and social scientists have produced a great number of studies of different environmental conflicts. One conventional way to conceptualize them is known as NIMBY ("not in my backyard"). Although the recent NIMBY literature has revealed the complexity of the issue, the approach continues to be beset by a number of problems. It has been difficult to conceptualize the dynamic character of a conflict from this perspective. This paper suggests that the theory of environmental conflicts should shift in an epistemological and social interactionist direction, toward social constructionist theory. This paper offers a constructionist analysis of three environmental conflicts in Finland. The disputes over the siting of a nuclear waste facility are viewed as processes of perceiving radioactive waste in the different municipalities. The conflicts are examined as struggles over scientific‐technical, economic, and political definitions of the radioactive objects and of the conflicts themselves. ...
PublisherSociety and Natural Resources, 1996.
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