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dc.contributor.authorHaapala, Eero A.
dc.contributor.authorPoikkeus, Anna-Maija
dc.contributor.authorKukkonen-Harjula, Katriina
dc.contributor.authorTompuri, Tuomo
dc.contributor.authorLintu, Niina
dc.contributor.authorVäistö, Juuso
dc.contributor.authorLeppänen, Paavo H.T.
dc.contributor.authorLaaksonen, David E.
dc.contributor.authorLindi, Virpi
dc.contributor.authorLakka, Timo A.
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-01T07:19:36Z
dc.date.available2016-04-01T07:19:36Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationHaapala, E. A., Poikkeus, A.-M., Kukkonen-Harjula, K., Tompuri, T., Lintu, N., Väistö, J., Leppänen, P. H., Laaksonen, D. E., Lindi, V., & Lakka, T. A. (2014). Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior with Academic Skills : A Follow-Up Study among Primary School Children. <i>PLOS ONE</i>, <i>9</i>(9), Article e107031. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107031" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107031</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_24383166
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_64254
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/49231
dc.description.abstractBackground: There are no prospective studies that would have compared the relationships of different types of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with academic skills among children. We therefore investigated the associations of different types of PA and SB with reading and arithmetic skills in a follow-up study among children. Methods: The participants were 186 children (107 boys, 79 girls, 6–8 yr) who were followed-up in Grades 1–3. PA and SB were assessed using a questionnaire in Grade 1. Reading fluency, reading comprehension and arithmetic skills were assessed using standardized tests at the end of Grades 1–3. Results: Among all children more recess PA and more time spent in SB related to academic skills were associated with a better reading fluency across Grades 1–3. In boys, higher levels of total PA, physically active school transportation and more time spent in SB related to academic skills were associated with a better reading fluency across the Grades 1–3. Among girls, higher levels of total PA were related to worse arithmetic skills across Grades 1–3. Moreover, total PA was directly associated with reading fluency and arithmetic skills in Grades 1–3 among girls whose parents had a university degree, whereas these relationships were inverse in girls of less educated parents. Conclusions: Total PA, physically active school transportation and SB related to academic skills may be beneficial for the development of reading skills in boys, whereas factors that are independent of PA or SB may be more important for academic skills in girls.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPLOS ONE
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherphysical activity
dc.subject.otheracademic skills
dc.subject.otherchildren
dc.titleAssociations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior with Academic Skills : A Follow-Up Study among Primary School Children
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201604011977
dc.contributor.laitosOpettajankoulutuslaitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Teacher Educationen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEsi- ja alkuopetusfi
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiainePre- and Early Childhood Educationen
dc.contributor.oppiainePsychologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2016-04-01T06:15:06Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1932-6203
dc.relation.numberinseries9
dc.relation.volume9
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2014 Haapala et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.rights.urlhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0107031


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