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dc.contributor.authorFadjukoff, Päivi
dc.contributor.authorPulkkinen, Lea
dc.contributor.authorLyyra, Anna-Liisa
dc.contributor.authorKokko, Katja
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-01T05:51:41Z
dc.date.available2016-03-01T05:51:41Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationFadjukoff, P., Pulkkinen, L., Lyyra, A.-L., & Kokko, K. (2016). Parental Identity and Its Relation to Parenting and Psychological Functioning in Middle Age. <em>Parenting: Science and Practice</em>, 16 (2), 87-107. <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2016.1134989">doi:10.1080/15295192.2016.1134989</a>
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_69282
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/48973
dc.description.abstractObjective. This article focuses on identity as a parent in relation to parenting and psychological functioning in middle age. Design. Drawn from the Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development, 162 participants (53% females) with children (age 36), represented the Finnish age-cohort born in 1959. Parental identity was assessed at ages 36, 42, and 50. Results. In both women and men, parental identity achievement increased from age 36 to 42 and remained stable to 50. The level of parental identity achievement was higher in women than in men. Achievement was typical for women and foreclosure for men. Participants’ education, occupational status, and number of offspring were not related to parental identity status. As expected, parental identity achievement was associated with authoritative (indicated by higher nurturance and parental knowledge about the child’s activities) parenting style. No significant associations emerged between parental identity foreclosure and restrictiveness as an indicator of authoritarian parenting style. The diffused men outscored others in parental stress. Achieved parental identity was related to generativity in both genders and to higher psychological and social well-being in men. Conclusions. At present, many parenting programs are targeted to young parents. This study highlighted the importance of a later parenting phase at around age 40, when for many, the children are approaching puberty. Therefore, parenting programs and support should also be designed for middle-aged parents. Specifically men may need additional support for their active consideration and engagement in the fathering role.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherPsychology Press
dc.relation.ispartofseriesParenting: Science and Practice
dc.subject.otherparental identity
dc.subject.otherparenting
dc.subject.otherpsychological functioning
dc.subject.othermiddle age
dc.titleParental Identity and Its Relation to Parenting and Psychological Functioning in Middle Age
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201602291716
dc.contributor.laitosAgora Centerfi
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosAgora Centeren
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologian koulutusala
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologia
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2016-02-29T10:15:03Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange87-107
dc.relation.issn1529-5192
dc.relation.volume16
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© Päivi Fadjukoff, Lea Pulkkinen, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, and Katja Kokko. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-No Derivatives License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.rights.urlhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1080/15295192.2016.1134989


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© Päivi Fadjukoff, Lea Pulkkinen, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, and Katja Kokko. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-No
Derivatives License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © Päivi Fadjukoff, Lea Pulkkinen, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, and Katja Kokko. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-No Derivatives License.