The nature of self-employment: how does gender matter?
Tervo, H., & Haapanen, M. (2010). The nature of self-employment: how does gender matter?. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 9(3), 349-371. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijesb.2010.031926
© 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Inderscience. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This paper analyses female and male entrepreneurship and the differences between them in Finland. The female self-employment rate is clearly lower than that of male self-employment in Finland. The paper shows that differing behaviour accounts for differing rates of self-employment between females and males. The predicted earnings differential between self-employment and paid employment has a divergent effect on the probabilities of self-employment. For males, it is positive (as expected). For females, it has no effect, which accentuates the other motives they have for self-employment. Both spouse and family are found to have bigger effects on female self-employment than on male self-employment. Yet, personal characteristics are behind entrepreneurship for both sexes. Regional characteristics are more important for male than female self-employment. The analysis is based on a structural probit model and a large register-based data set representing a 7% random sample of all Finns in 2001. ...
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