Family-Based Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Enhancing Physical Activity and Motor Competence in 4–7-Year-Old Children
Laukkanen, A., Pesola, A., Heikkinen, R., Sääkslahti, A., & Finni Juutinen, T. (2015). Family-Based Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Enhancing Physical Activity and Motor Competence in 4–7-Year-Old Children. PLoS ONE, 10(10), Article e0141124. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141124
Published inPLoS ONE
DisciplineBiomekaniikkaLiikuntafysiologiaLiikuntapedagogiikkaBiomechanicsExercise PhysiologySport Pedagogy
© 2015 Laukkanen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Little is known of how to involve families in physical activity (PA) interventions for children. In this cluster randomized controlled trial, we recruited families with four- to seven-year-old children to participate in a year-long study where parents in the intervention group families (n = 46) received tailored counseling to increase children’s PA. Structured PA was not served. Control group families (n = 45) did not receive any counseling. PA in all children (n = 91; mean age 6.16 ± 1.13 years at the baseline) was measured by accelerometers at the baseline and after three, six, nine and 12 months. Motor competence (MC) (n = 89) was measured at the baseline and after six and 12 months by a KTK (KörperkoordinationsTest für Kinder) and throwing and catching a ball (TCB) protocols. The effect of parental counseling on study outcomes was analyzed by a linear mixed-effects model fit by REML and by a Mann-Whitney U test in the case of the TCB. As season was hypothesized to affect counseling effect, an interaction of season on the study outcomes was examined. The results show significant decrease of MVPA in the intervention group when compared to the control group (p < .05). The TCB showed a nearly significant improvement at six months in the intervention group compared to the controls (p = .051), but not at 12 months. The intervention group had a steadier development of the KTK when the interaction of season was taken into account. In conclusion, more knowledge of family constructs associating with the effectiveness of counseling is needed for understanding how to enhance PA in children by parents. However, a hypothesis may be put forward that family-based counseling during an inactive season rather than an active season may provide a more lasting effect on the development of KTK in children. ...
PublisherPublic Library of Science
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2015 Laukkanen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Physical activity and motor competence in 4-8-year old children : results of a family-based cluster-randomized controlled physical activity trial Laukkanen, Arto (University of Jyväskylä, 2016)This thesis addresses the following research questions: 1) what are the intensities of physical activities that are typically considered to develop motor competence in children, 2) how is accelerometer-derived physical ...
Reduced muscle inactivity, sedentary time and cardio-metabolic benefits : effectiveness of a one-year family-based cluster randomized controlled trial Pesola, Arto (University of Jyväskylä, 2016)A driving hypothesis of the evolving field of sedentary behavior is that frequent muscle activity short-circuits detrimental physiological effects of sedentary time. However, the field relies mostly on observational ...
Parental Support and Objectively Measured Physical Activity in Children : A Yearlong Cluster-Randomized Controlled Efficacy Trial Laukkanen, Arto; Pesola, Arto; Finni Juutinen, Taija; Sääkslahti, Arja (Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2017)Purpose: We studied whether physical activity (PA) counseling for parents influenced the level of parental support of children’s PA and leisure-time PA in children of different levels of initial parental support. We ...
A family based tailored counselling to increase non-exercise physical activity in adults with a sedentary job and physical activity in their young children: Design and methods of a year-long randomized controlled trial Finni Juutinen, Taija; Sääkslahti, Arja; Laukkanen, Arto; Pesola, Arto; Sipilä, Sarianna (BioMed Central, 2011)Background: Epidemiological evidence suggests that decrease in sedentary behaviour is beneficial for health. This family based randomized controlled trial examines whether face-to-face delivered counselling is effective ...
The Effects of a 2-year Individualized and Family-based Lifestyle Intervention on Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior and Diet in Children Viitasalo, Anna; Eloranta, Aino-Maija; Lintu, Niina; Väistö, Juuso; Venäläinen, Taisa; Kiiskinen, Sanna; Karjalainen, Panu; Peltola, Jaana; Lampinen, Eeva-Kaarina; Haapala, Eero; Paananen, Jussi; Schwab, Ursula; Lindi, Virpi; Lakka, Timo A. (Academic Press; American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2016)Objective To investigate the effects of a long-term, individualized and family-based lifestyle intervention on physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet quality in children. Methods We carried out a 2-year ...