Parental Perceptions of the Use of Coercive Measures on Children with Developmental Disabilities
Saloviita, T., Pirttimaa, R., & Kontu, E. (2016). Parental Perceptions of the Use of Coercive Measures on Children with Developmental Disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 29 (1), 11-20. doi:10.1111/jar.12154
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Wiley. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Background Children with developmental disabilities who exhibit challenging behaviour are potentially subject to the use of coercive interventions. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of the use of coercive measures by authorities, according to parents’ reports. Materials and Methods A postal survey was distributed, as a total population study, to 946 Finnish parents of children with developmental disabilities, between the ages of 5 and 15, and who were entitled to the highest disability allowance. Results Of the respondents, 54 (22%) answered ‘yes’ when asked whether their child had been subjected to coercive procedures by authorities. The parents had seldom approved the use of coercive means and often believed that such means had negative effects on their child. Conclusions To protect the children's rights, the use of coercive measures should be regulated more strictly, and positive intervention strategies should be taught to teachers and nurses.