Dihydrogen Activation by Antiaromatic Pentaarylboroles
Fan, C., Mercier, L., Piers, W., Tuononen, H., & Parvez, M. (2010). Dihydrogen Activation by Antiaromatic Pentaarylboroles. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132 (28), 9604-9606. doi:10.1021/ja105075h
Published inJournal of the American Chemical Society
DisciplineEpäorgaaninen ja analyyttinen kemia
© 2010 American Chemical Society. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by ACS. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Facile metal-free splitting of molecular hydrogen (H2) is crucial for the utilization of H2 without the need for toxic transition-metal-based catalysts. Frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) are a new class of hydrogen activators wherein interactions with both a Lewis acid and a Lewis base heterolytically disrupt the hydrogen−hydrogen bond. Here we describe the activation of hydrogen exclusively by a boron-based Lewis acid, perfluoropentaphenylborole. This antiaromatic compound reacts extremely rapidly with H2 in both solution and the solid state to yield boracyclopent-3-ene products resulting from addition of hydrogen atoms to the carbons α to boron in the starting borole. The disruption of antiaromaticity upon reaction of the borole with H2 provides a significant thermodynamic driving force for this new metal-free hydrogen-splitting reaction.