At the Roots of Finnish Cultural Policy: Intellectuals, Nationalism, and the Arts
Sokka, S., & Kangas, A. (2007). At the Roots of Finnish Cultural Policy: Intellectuals, Nationalism, and the Arts. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 13 (2), 185-202.
Published inInternational Journal of Cultural Policy
© 2007 Taylor & Francis. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Taylor & Francis. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
In this article we argue that the role of intellectuals was essential (1) in the formation of Finnish cultural policy and (2) for the development of national cultural administration and public arts subsidy system in the country in the period leading up to World War II. The actions of the intellectuals can be considered as political choices in a contingent sociopolitical realm, and arts as an essential part of the signifying system. In Finland, intellectuals remained active in the intertwining areas between the state and civil society. We highlight the impact of their actions especially through a study of archival materials obtained from the State Arts Boards. At these Boards, the intellectuals served as representatives of their own fields of arts in general, and of certain professional and civic associations and societies in particular. These intellectuals acted in various roles depending on the subject matter at hand, and as a result the decisions made by the boards reflected predominantly the interests of some groups over those of others. ...