Raman Spectroscopic Signatures of Echovirus 1 Uncoating
Ruokola, P., Dadu, E., Kazmertsuk, A., Häkkänen, H., Marjomäki, V., & Ihalainen, J. (2014). Raman Spectroscopic Signatures of Echovirus 1 Uncoating. Journal of Virology, 88 (15), 8504-8513. doi:10.1128/JVI.03398-13
Published inJournal of Virology
DisciplineSolu- ja molekyylibiologia
© 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Abstract: In recent decades, Raman spectroscopy has entered the biological and medical fields. It enables nondestructive analysis of structural details at the molecular level and has been used to study viruses and their constituents. Here, we used Raman spectroscopy to study echovirus 1 (EV1), a small, nonenveloped human pathogen, in two different uncoating states induced by heat treatments. Raman signals of capsid proteins and RNA genome were observed from the intact virus, the uncoating intermediate, and disrupted virions. Transmission electron microscopy data revealed general structural changes between the studied particles. Compared to spectral characteristics of proteins in the intact virion, those of the proteins of the heat-treated particles indicated reduced α-helix content with respect to β-sheets and coil structures. Changes observed in tryptophan and tyrosine signals suggest an increasingly hydrophilic environment around these residues. RNA signals revealed a change in the environment of the genome and in its conformation. The ionized-carbonyl vibrations showed small changes between the intact virion and the uncoating intermediate, which points to cleavage of salt bridges in the protein structure during the uncoating process. In conclusion, our data reveal distinguishable Raman signatures of the intact, intermediate, and disrupted EV1 particles. These changes indicate structural, chemical, and solute-solvent alterations in the genome and in the capsid proteins and lay the essential groundwork for investigating the uncoating of EV1 and related viruses in real time. ...
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology