Ultra-nonlocality in density functional theory for photo-emission spectroscopy
Uimonen, A.-M., Stefanucci, G., & van Leeuwen, R. (2014). Ultra-nonlocality in density functional theory for photo-emission spectroscopy. Journal of Chemical Physics, 140 (18), 18A526. doi:10.1063/1.4868114 Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1311.6632
Published inJournal of Chemical Physics
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[Introduction] We derive an exact expression for the photocurrent of photo-emission spectroscopy using time- dependent current density functional theory (TDCDFT). This expression is given as an integral over the Kohn-Sham spectral function renormalized by effective potentials that depend on the exchange-correlation kernel of current density functional theory. We analyze in detail the physi- cal content of this expression by making a connection between the density-functional expression and the diagrammatic expansion of the photocurrent within many-body perturbation theory. We fur- ther demonstrate that the density functional expression does not provide us with information on the kinetic energy distribution of the photo-electrons. Such information can, in principle, be ob- tained from TDCDFT by exactly modeling the experiment in which the photocurrent is split into energy contributions by means of an external electromagnetic field outside the sample, as is done in standard detectors. We find, however, that this procedure produces very nonlocal correlations be- tween the exchange-correlation fields in the sample and the detector. ...
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics