Dielectric breakdown strength of epoxy bimodal-polymer-brush-grafted core functionalized silica nanocomposites
Virtanen, S., Krentz, T. M., Nelson, J. K., Schadler, L. S., Bell, M., Benicewicz, B., Hillborg, H., & Zhao, S. (2014). Dielectric breakdown strength of epoxy bimodal-polymer-brush-grafted core functionalized silica nanocomposites. IEEE Transactions on dieletrics and electrical insulation, 21(2), 563-570. https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2014.004415
The central goal of dielectric nanocomposite design is to create a large interfacial area between the matrix polymer and nanofillers and to use it to tailor the properties of the composite. The interface can create sites for trapping electrons leading to increased dielectric breakdown strength (DBS). Nanoparticles with a bimodal population of covalently anchored molecules were created using ligand engineering. Electrically active short molecules (oligothiophene or ferrocene) and matrix compatible long poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) chains comprise the bimodal brush. The dielectric breakdown strength was evaluated from recessed samples and dielectric spectroscopy was used to study the dielectric constant and loss as a function of frequency. The dielectric breakdown strength and permittivity increased considerably with only 2 wt% filler loading while the dielectric loss remained comparable to the reference epoxy.
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
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