The effect of polytechnic reform on migration
Böckerman, P., & Haapanen, M. (2013). The effect of polytechnic reform on migration. Journal of Population Economics, 26 (2), 593-617. doi:10.1007/s00148-012-0454-4 Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00148-012-0454-4
Published inJournal of Population Economics
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published in Journal of Population Economics by Springer.
This paper examines the effect of the polytechnic reform on geographical mobility. A polytechnic, higher education reform took place in Finland in the 1990s. It gradually transformed former vocational colleges into polytechnics and also brought higher education to regions that did not have a university before. This expansion of higher education provides exogenous variation in the regional supply of higher education. The reform raised the mobility of high school graduates across local labour markets in the years after they had completed their secondary studies, which indicated increased mobility between high school and post-secondary education. We estimate that the reform enhanced the annual migration rate of high school graduates by 1.2 percentage points over a three-year follow-up period. This represents a substantial increase, because their baseline migration rate is 3.7 per cent. The effect fades several years after the completion of secondary studies.
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