A general model for the dynamic functioning of musical systems
Leroy, J.-L. (2009). A general model for the dynamic functioning of musical systems. Musicae Scientiae, 13(1), 3-34.
This article presents an overview of a general model for the dynamic functioning of musical systems within an anthropological perspective. This theoretical approach is based on a set of conjectures: 1. Music fulfils an adaptive function of biopsychical regulation; 2. This function is fulfilled by means of a multidimensional system; 3. The system is determined by constraints of psychophysical, anatomophysiological, psychomotor, cognitive, cultural and psychical nature; 4. Every sound/musical structure bears a potential energy; 5. Actualisation of these potentialities results from the interaction of these structures with a subject. The model is briefly presented here according to two axes: of potential tensions linked to sound and musical structures, and of the actualisation of these tensions by the individual. The first outlines ten dimensions (grouped together within three levels) by means of which the potential energy of sound and musical structures could be borne. The second places these dimensions and their mechanisms in context of the subject: the affective system enables a modulation of the investment of musical system dimensions; this investment is controlled by operating models ; a stylistic mediation and an emotional mediation ensure the sociocultural integration of the dynamic scenario worked out by the subject. A general diagram sums up the model. ...