HIV/AIDS, power and influence in Malawi : the Nyau masquerade

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dc.contributor.author Korpela, David
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-12T05:16:50Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-12T05:16:50Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.uri http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201207122064 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/38201
dc.description.abstract This study concludes that the unique performative culture of Malawi, embodied in the Nyau masquerade, is a vital means of communication concerning HIV/AIDS. This form of communication must be understood and utilised more extensively to bring about real changes in the perceptions and behaviour concerning the spread of the disease in Malawi. The Nyau masquerade is a unique ritual that combines political communication, performance, education and entertainment into a ritual that is deeply rooted in the traditional culture of Malawi. As a unique phenomenon that has received little scholarly attention, this ritual requires a combination of different theories in order to approach and understand the dynamics of the phenomenon from a political perspective and to recognise the interrelationships between other strategies to bring about behavioural change. The theoretical framework consists of several theories that address different components of this multifaceted phenomenon. Richard Bauman’s performance theory is used to approach the Nyau masquerade to decipher meaning using performative analysis. Mikhail Bakhtin’s analysis of carnivalesque is utilised to situate the ritual masquerade within the wider discourse of tradition and authority. Finally, Foucault’s exploration of sexuality and power-knowledge form the basis for the analysis of power relations within the different forms of communication and messages being conveyed concerning HIV/AIDS. The empirical material consists of an ethnographic manuscript documenting the performance and meaning of 4 Nyau characters; 7 key informant interviews; and, 100 survey questionnaires documenting local attitudes and responses to HIV/AIDS. The primary methodology used within this study is discourse analysis, employing a broad definition of discourse to approach messages communicated through the language of performance. This study explores the paradoxes between traditional communication and ritual practice as culture and tradition respond to the HIV/AIDS crisis. These paradoxes are also manifested in tensions between traditional power and the influences of modernity.
dc.format.extent 103 s.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.subject.other HIV/AIDS
dc.subject.other Nyau masquerade
dc.subject.other Gule Wamkulu
dc.subject.other traditional authority
dc.subject.other performance
dc.subject.other power-knowledge
dc.subject.other carnivalesque
dc.subject.other Malawi
dc.title HIV/AIDS, power and influence in Malawi : the Nyau masquerade
dc.type Book en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201207122064
dc.subject.ysa HIV-tartunta
dc.subject.ysa AIDS
dc.subject.ysa Malawi
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Yhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Faculty of Social Sciences en
dc.contributor.laitos Yhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine valtio-oppi fi
dc.rights.restriction Aineistoon pääsyä on rajoitettu tekijänoikeussyistä. Aineisto on luettavissa Jyväskylän yliopiston kirjaston arkistotyöasemalta. Ks. https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/kokoelmat/arkistotyoasema. fi
dc.rights.restriction This material has a restricted access due to copyright reasons. It can be read at the workstation at Jyväskylä University Library reserved for the use of archival materials: https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/collections/archival-workstation. en
dc.date.updated 2012-07-12T05:16:51Z

This material has a restricted access due to copyright reasons. It can be read at the workstation at Jyväskylä University Library reserved for the use of archival materials: https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/collections/archival-workstation.

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