The effect of grazing history on fungal diversity in broadleaved wood pastures

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dc.contributor.author Mustola, Kaisa
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-27T16:57:29Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-27T16:57:29Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201206271975 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/38114
dc.description.abstract Traditional rural biotopes such as wood pastures are species rich habitats which have been created by extensive agriculture. In all European countries both the quality and quantity of traditional rural biotopes have drastically decreased during the past century because of increasing farming intensity. This decline is causing a threat to many species, but very little is known about the conservation ecology of fungi living in wood pastures. Considering vascular plants, it is known that sites with long management history have higher species richness compared to abandoned sites. It is also known that species richness is highest with intermediate grazing intensity. In this study I investigated if there is a difference in fungal species richness between presently grazed and presently ungrazed sites. I also investigated the effect of grazing history on fungal species richness and community assembly. In addition, I studied the effect of current grazing intensity on fungal species richness. All my study sites were broadleaved wood pastures in Central Finland. I studied 12 sites of which 6 were presently grazed by domestic animals and 6 were presently not, but had been grazed in the past. Grazing history of the study sites varied between 40-205 years, and considering sites which were presently ungrazed, the time after abandonment varied between 5-40 years. I focused on the agarics, boletoids, ramarioid fungi, Gasteromycetes, Pezizomycetes, and stipitate polypores. I conducted both sample plot surveys and time constrained surveys on each study site and repeated the surveys three times. Overall, I found 313 fungi species in this study. I found out that presently grazed sites do not have more fungal species than presently ungrazed sites. Instead, my results suggest that fungal species richness increases with grazing history duration and sites with long grazing history have a similar community structure even if they are presently ungrazed. I also suggest that with intermediate grazing intensity species richness is the greatest. I conclude that it is very important to know detailed management history when prioritizing management for sites. Moreover, targeting for optimal grazing intensity for sites may be important.
dc.format.extent 37 s.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.subject.other agarics
dc.subject.other disturbance
dc.subject.other fungal community
dc.subject.other grazing history
dc.subject.other grazing intensity
dc.subject.other traditional agriculture
dc.subject.other traditional rural biotope
dc.subject.other wood pasture
dc.title The effect of grazing history on fungal diversity in broadleaved wood pastures
dc.type Book en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201206271975
dc.subject.ysa helttasienet
dc.subject.ysa laiduntaminen
dc.subject.ysa laitumet
dc.subject.ysa metsälaitumet
dc.subject.ysa perinnebiotooppi
dc.subject.ysa maatalous
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu fi
dc.type.ontasot Master’s thesis en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Faculty of Mathematics and Science en
dc.contributor.laitos Bio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Biological and Environmental Science en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine Ekologia ja ympäristönhoito
dc.date.updated 2012-06-27T16:57:30Z

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