Victims, villains or organized community? : discrimination, social exclusion and empowerment in the media representation of urban poverty : case of barrio “El 70” in Venezuelan newspapers

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dc.contributor.author Kivimäki, Johanna
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-25T09:47:32Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-25T09:47:32Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201206251947 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/38088
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this thesis is to study the media representation of urban poverty in a developing country context, focusing specifically on the connections between media representation and social exclusion. The theoretical-methodological basis of this work draws from critical cultural studies and sociological media research, specifically from the theoretical assumptions of critical discourse analysis about media representation. The premise is the constructionist view that the media does not directly reflect the reality of urban poverty, but constructs journalist reproductions of it from a particular perspective and in a certain social context. Media representation of the subordinated groups is related to the prevailing power relations and inequalities in society. The intention is to consider whether the discrimination and exclusion experienced by the urban poor is reproduced in media representations. The theme is approached by exploring how one specific poor urban neighborhood, the barrio “El 70” in Caracas, Venezuela, is represented in Venezuelan newspapers. The data consists of 57 newspaper articles about the barrio “El 70” from the years 2007-2010, of which 42 are collected from one of the largest national newspapers, El Universal, and the rest are collected by a community representative of “El 70” from different national and regional newspapers. The data is first described and classified through the means of content analysis. The principal analysis is conducted with the tools of critical discourse analysis, particularly those defined by Norman Fairclough. The analysis consists of power-focused textual analysis of the articles completed by socio-cultural interpretation of the results in the context of the case community and in the wider context of Venezuelan society. The aim is to study not only what kinds of representations are constructed of the case community and whether these are discriminatory, but also the potential effects of these representations and the possibilities of challenging them. The case community and its inhabitants are represented mostly through negative and stereotypical discourses that reduce them to their disadvantages, defined by insecurity, social exclusion and deficient living conditions. However, a strong positive discourse was also found related to organization and empowerment of the urban poor. Pieces of other counter-discourses challenging the negative representations were also identified. These varied representations reflect the prevailing power relations, but also the changes that have occurred in Venezuelan society during the last decade.
dc.format.extent 200 s.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.subject.other media
dc.subject.other representation
dc.subject.other urban poverty
dc.subject.other stereotypes
dc.subject.other social exclusion
dc.subject.other critical discourse analysis
dc.subject.other Venezuela
dc.title Victims, villains or organized community? : discrimination, social exclusion and empowerment in the media representation of urban poverty : case of barrio “El 70” in Venezuelan newspapers
dc.type Book en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201206251947
dc.subject.ysa media
dc.subject.ysa representaatio
dc.subject.ysa köyhyys
dc.subject.ysa stereotypiat
dc.subject.ysa syrjäytyminen
dc.subject.ysa Venezuela
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Yhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Faculty of Social Sciences en
dc.contributor.laitos Yhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine Master´s Degree Programme in Development and International Cooperation en
dc.contributor.oppiaine kansainvälinen kehitystyö (maisteriohjelma) fi
dc.subject.method Diskurssianalyysi
dc.date.updated 2012-06-25T09:47:33Z

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