Structural factors in preschool children's emotional expression in music

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dc.contributor.author Yrtti, Antti
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-29T07:32:25Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-29T07:32:25Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/27242
dc.identifier.uri http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2011062911086 en
dc.description.abstract Recent studies have substantiated that preschool children are able to perceive the emotional meaning in music. However, to date, research has not paid enough attention to children’s emotional expression in music. The current study investigated 3- (N=18) and 5- (N=19) year-old children’s ability to express emotion with music by manipulating musical factors (pitch, loudness and tempo) to indicate one of three basic emotions (happiness, sadness or angriness). In order to facilitate the recognition of emotions three images of faces were presented representing target emotions. Three musical pieces differing in terms of emotional quality were presented in random order and participants were asked to manipulate musical factors in order to make each song sound happy, sad and angry. After the experiment participants were asked how they think they managed with the task given. The aim of the current study was to investigate if preschool children are able to communicate emotions through music. A secondary goal was to compare the results by means of age, gender and musical background. The results of the current study were in agreement with previous studies claiming that young children are capable to distinct the happiness, sadness and angriness in music and the results showed differences between emotions in each of the musical factors (pitch, loudness and tempo). The comparison between genders and age groups of 3- and 5-year-old did not show notable differences but interestingly, significant differences were found between the children who had former musical background and children who did not have any musical background.
dc.format.extent 44 s.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.subject.other children
dc.subject.other expression
dc.subject.other perception
dc.subject.other musical factors
dc.subject.other basic emotions
dc.subject.other emotional communication
dc.title Structural factors in preschool children's emotional expression in music
dc.type Book en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2011062911086
dc.subject.ysa lapset
dc.subject.ysa ilmaisu
dc.subject.ysa musiikki
dc.subject.ysa tunteet
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu fi
dc.type.ontasot Master’s thesis en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Humanistinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Faculty of Humanities en
dc.contributor.laitos Musiikin laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Music en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine Master's Degree Programme in Music, Mind and Technology en
dc.contributor.oppiaine Music, Mind and Technology (maisteriohjelma) fi

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