Smoking trends among adolescents from 1990 to 2002 in ten European countries and Canada

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dc.contributor.author Hublet, Anne
dc.contributor.author De Bacquer, Dirk
dc.contributor.author Välimaa, Raili
dc.contributor.author Godeau, Emmanuelle
dc.contributor.author Schmid, Holger
dc.contributor.author Rahav, Giora
dc.contributor.author Maes, Lea
dc.date.accessioned 2011-05-04T10:11:37Z
dc.date.available 2011-05-04T10:11:37Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.citation Hublet, A., Bacquer, D., Välimaa, R., Godeau, E., Schmid, H., Rahav, G. & Maes, L. (2006). Smoking trends among adolescents from 1990 to 2002 in ten european countries and canada. BMC Public Health , 2006, 6:280. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-280
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/26872
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Daily smoking adolescents are a public health problem as they are more likely to become adult smokers and to develop smoking-related health problems later on in their lives. METHODS: The study is part of the four-yearly, cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study, a school-based survey on a nationally representative sample using a standardised methodology. Data of 4 survey periods are available (1990–2002). Gender-specific daily smoking trends among 14–15 year olds are examined using logistic regressions. Sex ratios are calculated for each survey period and country. Interaction effects between period and gender are examined. RESULTS: Daily smoking prevalence in boys in 2002 ranges from 5.5% in Sweden to 20.0% in Latvia. Among girls, the daily smoking prevalence in 2002 ranges from 8.9% in Poland to 24.7% in Austria. Three daily smoking trend groups are identified: countries with a declining or stagnating trend, countries with an increasing trend followed by a decreasing trend, and countries with an increasing trend. These trend groups show a geographical pattern, but are not linked to smoking prevalence. Over the 4 surveys, the sex ratio has changed in Belgium, Switzerland, and Latvia. CONCLUSION: Among adolescents in Europe, three groups of countries in a different stage of the smoking epidemic curve can be identified, with girls being in an earlier stage than boys. In 2002, large differences in smoking prevalence between the countries have been observed. This predicts a high mortality due to smoking over 20–30 years for some countries, if no policy interventions are taken. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC Public Health
dc.rights © 2006 Hublet et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
dc.subject.other tupakointi en
dc.subject.other tupakointitrendit en
dc.subject.other nuoret en
dc.subject.other smonking en
dc.subject.other trends en
dc.subject.other adolescents en
dc.title Smoking trends among adolescents from 1990 to 2002 in ten European countries and Canada
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2011050410731
dc.subject.kota 314
dc.contributor.laitos Terveystieteiden laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Health Sciences en
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-2458-6-280
dc.description.version Published version
eprint.status http://purl.org/eprint/type/status/PeerReviewed

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