An economic perspective on crime, its costs, crime fighting and rehabilitation efforts

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dc.contributor.author Strohmeier, Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-10T09:28:43Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-10T09:28:43Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201101101010 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/25766
dc.description.abstract This study will examine the economic issues surrounding crime and reintegration measures aimed at prisoners, particularly but not exclusively in Germany. To do so it will be necessary to give an overview about the crime and crime-fighting situation in Germany. The focus is on violent and street crime. White collar crime will be mentioned only briefly. The starting point will be to examine the cost of crime and the problems concerning its measurement. These include for example the economic costs of murder or the largely ignored cost of rehabilitating the victims of crimes such as rape. They often suffer from severe trauma. Further it will prove necessary to add the indirect, immaterial costs of crime and the private expenditure on security to the direct costs of crime such as public security expenditure on police and prisons. In order to provide an economic framework for the understanding of crime use will be made of the Becker model of crime. It basically regards crime as a consequence of rational agents reacting to illegal activities yielding higher expected returns than legal ones. One of its main predictions being that a high likelihood of detection and conviction is a major deterrent. The explanatory power of the Becker model (and its limits) will be explored by looking at various aspects of crime and by looking at crimes that provide the offenders with a utility level that no legal alternative can provide from the offenders' perspective. Further, an overview over various crime related topics such as guns and drugs will be provided. A short excursion looks at the role psychology and happiness play in Becker's theory. This model is tested by looking at commonly encountered criminological facts. Also its implications for crime reduction efforts in prevention, deterrence and rehabilitation will be outlined. The special focus will be on volunteers and their link to the economic model of crime. The conclusion stresses three main aspects: Firstly the importance of further research to improve the estimates of the costs of crime; secondly the role Becker's theory can play in informing crime reducing activities by the police, the legal system as well as the labour market and education policies; and thirdly the necessity to establish a nationwide, longterm data bank for recidivism. Such a data bank is a crucial precondition for any meaningful cost-benefit analysis of reintegration and prevention measures.
dc.format.extent 111
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.subject.other Becker
dc.subject.other Costs of Crime
dc.subject.other Crime
dc.subject.other Deterrence
dc.subject.other Ehrlich
dc.subject.other Human Capital
dc.subject.other Prevention
dc.subject.other Rehabilitation
dc.subject.other Volunteers
dc.subject.other Volunteering
dc.title An economic perspective on crime, its costs, crime fighting and rehabilitation efforts
dc.type Book en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201101101010
dc.subject.ysa rikokset
dc.subject.ysa henkinen pääoma
dc.subject.ysa ennaltaehkäisy
dc.subject.ysa kustannukset
dc.subject.ysa kuntoutus
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu fi
dc.type.ontasot Master’s thesis en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Jyväskylän yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine Economics en
dc.contributor.oppiaine kansantaloustiede fi

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