Copenhagen failure : a rhetorical treatise of how speeches unite and divide mankind

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Show simple item record Kortetmäki, Teea 2010-12-08T08:03:23Z 2010-12-08T08:03:23Z 2010
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this treatise is to analyse five of the Copenhagen Climate Convention's main speeches to see how they supported or weakened the agreement possibilities in the convention. Particular focus will be on the elements that divide or unite negotiators and whether the summit's failing outcome is already built in the pre-planned speeches held at the main podium. Theoretically, the study builds on Kenneth Burke's identification thesis and Elizabeth L. Malone's climate change debate analysis. I combine these in my analysis using a revised version of Malone's argument family classification tool putting it into Burke's theoretical framework. The central concept is Burke's identification, whose manifestations are searched from speeches. The analysis will cover five of the main speeches from Copenhagen summit negotiators (the United States, China, Zimbabwe, the African Union and the Climate Group). Analysed speeches contain more elements that divide negotiators than elements with possibly uniting effect. The division between North and South is particularly distinct in most speeches. Another dividing issue is the major emitters' tendency to speak themselves out of more emission cut commitments instead of expressing willingness to engage in more ambitious accord. At the same time, less developed countries utter their mistrust which increases division and weakens the possibilities for negotiators to become consubstantial. Every participator agrees in public about seriousness of climate change, but this claim is supported only weakly by other arguments in their speeches. Copenhagen Climate Convention's failure can be foreseen in speeches that fail to build and recognise a common interest among negotiator countries. Rhetorical analysis reveals that climate change as an environmental problem is not faced by a ”global we” but from national perspectives, which weakens the possibilities for real action. The ”global we” facing and reacting to climate change has not emerged. This is a challenge for further study discussing the ways in which the real identification could be achieved and action taken.
dc.format.extent 96 s
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.rights openAccess fi
dc.subject.other rhetoric
dc.subject.other environmental rhetoric
dc.subject.other environmental philosophy
dc.subject.other Burke
dc.subject.other identification
dc.subject.other climate change
dc.subject.other Copenhagen Climate Convention
dc.subject.other North-South clash
dc.subject.other ilmastonmuutos
dc.title Copenhagen failure : a rhetorical treatise of how speeches unite and divide mankind
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201012083146
dc.subject.ysa retoriikka
dc.subject.ysa ympäristöfilosofia
dc.subject.ysa filosofia
dc.subject.ysa ilmastonmuutokset
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu fi
dc.type.ontasot Master’s thesis en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta yhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Faculty of Social Sciences en
dc.contributor.laitos yhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine filosofia fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine Philosophy en

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