How the mind is easily hooked on musical imagery

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dc.contributor.author Liikkanen, Lassi A.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-03T06:24:27Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-03T06:24:27Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/20890
dc.description.abstract Recent studies show that nearly all people living in western societies are affected by involuntary musical imagery, or “earworms”. It has been suggested that prior exposure to music is an important predictor of this phenomenon. In comparison, cognitive psychologists use the concepts of recency (serial position) and the priming effect (brief exposure) to describe similar memory features. The aim of this study was to explore the dynamics of involuntary musical imagery in relation to these memory concepts. Two experiments and a novel experimental manipulation to induce the experience were designed to investigate the topic. The experiments utilized a modified musical image scanning task to cue long-term memory and an experience sampling tool to collect data. The first experiment piloted the induction method and screened the stimuli. The second experiment tested a set of hypotheses using five between-subjects experimental groups. The first experiment demonstrated that among 1111 participants familiar with the songs, the induction procedure evoked involuntary musical imagery in 67.1 % of the cases. The second experiment included older songs and was less effective (49.6 %) in evoking the phenomenon (N=6653). There were considerable differences between the songs, but these were very song-context dependent. A recency effect was also discovered. en
dc.format.extent 271-275
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject.other Involuntary memory en
dc.subject.other musical imagery en
dc.subject.other memory en
dc.subject.other priming en
dc.title How the mind is easily hooked on musical imagery en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2009411274
dc.identifier.conference ESCOM 2009 : 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music

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