Musical Parameters and Children's Movement Responses

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Show simple item record Kohn, Dafna Eitan, Zohar 2009-08-03T06:24:12Z 2009-08-03T06:24:12Z 2009
dc.description.abstract The effects of dynamic musical parameters (e.g., pitch rise/fall, crescendo/diminuendo) on aspects of bodily motion, such as spatial directions or speed, have recently been investigated empirically, as Eitan & Granot (2006) examined, using participants' verbal reports, how such relationships affect motion imagery. Here we examine the effects of musical parameters on actual bodily movement. 106 children (46 aged 5, 60 aged 8) heard 9 short musical stimuli (4 synthetically constructed, 5 excerpts from classical repertory) involving bi-directional changes in pitch, loudness and tempo. Participants were asked to move to each excerpt in an "appropriate way." Movement responses were videotaped, and their spatio-kinetic features analyzed independently by 3 referees (watching with sound muted), applying bi-polar categories based on Laban Movement Analysis, including spatial directions, speed and muscular energy. Results indicate that different musical parameters activate different motion dimensions: pitch changes are mainly associated with vertical motion, loudness change with both muscular energy and vertical motion, and tempo change with speed and muscular energy. The direction of change in each musical parameter was significantly associated with the direction of change in motion dimensions, e.g., increase in loudness is associated with increasing speed, increase in muscular energy, and spatial rise. While there was no age effect on the choices of movement dimensions, age did affect the choice of directions within these dimensions, particularly regarding the movement in vertical plane. This suggests a two-stage process, in which overall relationships of auditory and movement dimensions develop early, while associations of auditory and motion directions develop later. en
dc.format.extent 233-241
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights openAccess fi
dc.subject.other Motion en
dc.subject.other development en
dc.subject.other musical metaphor en
dc.subject.other cross-modal interaction en
dc.title Musical Parameters and Children's Movement Responses en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2009411267
dc.type.dcmitype Text
dc.identifier.conference ESCOM 2009 : 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music

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