Mental practice in music memorization - an ecological-empirical study

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dc.contributor.author Bernardi, Nicolò F.
dc.contributor.author Schories, Alexander
dc.contributor.author Jabusch, Hans-Christian
dc.contributor.author Colombo, Barbara
dc.contributor.author Altenmüller, Eckart
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-03T06:21:51Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-03T06:21:51Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/20849
dc.description.abstract Mental Practice (MP) refers to a complex network of strategies for improving musical performance without physically performing at the instrument. The present study represents an attempt to describe cross-individual differences in the use of different MP strategies, allowing direct predictions on which strategies are more likely to be effective. Sixteen pianists were studied while memorizing piano pieces. Each subject memorized two pieces of comparable length and difficulty, one by MP and the other by Physical Practice (PP), on two different days according to standardized protocols. During MP subjects were free to apply any practice strategies they preferred except for physically playing a real piano (ecological approach). Practice and performances were video-documented; performances were judged by independent expert raters. Participants reported their practice strategies in researcher-developed questionnaires. MP alone produced successful musical learning. MP, even combined with PP, produced poorer performance compared with PP alone. MP outcomes were significantly influenced by the strategies applied. These results directly impact on musicians’ daily schedule and managing of health-risk factors, since valuable performance results can be achieved by combining optimally designed mental practice with short physical practice focused on strengthening the internal representation of the piece. en
dc.format.extent 20-27
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject.other Mental Practice en
dc.subject.other Music Performance en
dc.subject.other Imagery en
dc.subject.other USOIMM77 en
dc.subject.other MIQ-R en
dc.subject.other VVSQ en
dc.title Mental practice in music memorization - an ecological-empirical study en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2009411233
dc.identifier.conference ESCOM 2009 : 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music

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